Collection: All Engines

Petrol (Gasoline) Engines:

  1. Fuel Type: Petrol engines use gasoline as their fuel source. Gasoline is a highly flammable liquid derived from crude oil.

  2. Combustion Process: In a petrol engine, a mixture of air and fuel is compressed by the piston, and then a spark plug ignites the mixture. This controlled combustion creates a rapid expansion of gases, pushing the piston down and generating power.

  3. Compression Ratio: Petrol engines typically have lower compression ratios compared to diesel engines. This results in smoother combustion but also lower efficiency.

  4. Efficiency: Petrol engines generally have higher RPM (revolutions per minute) ranges and are known for producing more power at higher speeds. However, they tend to be less fuel-efficient than diesel engines, especially in terms of torque and fuel consumption.

  5. Noise and Vibration: Petrol engines tend to be quieter and smoother in operation compared to diesel engines.

  6. Emissions: While advancements in technology have reduced emissions, petrol engines generally produce higher levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other pollutants compared to diesel engines.

  7. Applications: Petrol engines are commonly used in cars, motorcycles, small trucks, and applications where high-speed and relatively lower torque output are required.

Diesel Engines:

  1. Fuel Type: Diesel engines use diesel fuel, a heavier and less refined liquid fuel derived from crude oil.

  2. Combustion Process: In a diesel engine, only air is compressed in the cylinder. Once the air is compressed to a high temperature and pressure, diesel fuel is injected directly into the cylinder. The heat generated by the compressed air causes the fuel to spontaneously ignite. This is known as compression ignition.

  3. Compression Ratio: Diesel engines typically have higher compression ratios than petrol engines. This higher compression results in better efficiency and greater torque.

  4. Efficiency: Diesel engines are known for their higher efficiency and better fuel economy, especially at low RPM and under heavy loads.

  5. Noise and Vibration: Diesel engines tend to be noisier and produce more vibrations due to their higher compression ratios and combustion process.

  6. Emissions: While older diesel engines were associated with higher levels of particulate matter and nitrogen oxides, newer diesel engines have been designed with advanced emission control systems to reduce these pollutants.

  7. Applications: Diesel engines are commonly used in heavy-duty trucks, buses, construction equipment, marine vessels, generators, and other applications where high torque output and fuel efficiency are important.